Hallertauer Mittelfruh

Hop Variety

Hallertauer Mittelfruh

Origin

Germany

Alpha Acid %

3-6%

Beta Acid %

3.5%

Background

The name Hallertauer comes from the German region of Hallertau and Mittelfruh is considered one of the finest of it’s kind. Hallertauer Mittelfruh is a noble hop and of the landrace variety, meaning because of it very long history and open pollination it suits the region it grows in perfectly.

It is also grown in other areas of Germany such as Spalt and Tettnang which leads confusingly to variations called Spalt Hallertauer and Tettnang Hallertauer even though both Spalt and Tettnang produce hops with the same names as well.

The name Mittelfruh means middle early relating to the harvest time in the growing season.

Brewing Attributes

Hallertauer Mittelfruh is one of the finest examples of a noble aroma hop. It is delicate and mild and has pleasing herbal and floral notes as well as a slight spiciness. It is almost always associated with German Lagers and are part of what defines them. They are also great in many other styles as well as ales, lighter beers in general allow the delicate aromas come through and I have found them particularly good in Kolsch and Blonde style ales.

Possible Substitutions

There are many varieties of Hallertauer hop which makes purchasing slightly confusing, you may be buying Mittelfruh that aren’t even grown in the Hallertau region so look for hops with their origin clearly marked.

If a substitute is to be made a few options have similar properties but of course are not quite the same. Crystal, Hallertauer Hersbruck, Liberty and Mount Hood are worth investigation.

Commercial Examples

As I said before they are widely used in German Pilsner style beers and a couple of beers you’ll be able to find anywhere are Sam Adam’s Boston Lager that uses Mittelfruh as an aroma hop as well as Bitburger Premium Pils http://beeradvocate.com/beer/profile/613/1641 one being a German Style Lager and the other an actual German one.

Mittelfruh are also found in some Belgian ales I believe Chimay brewery use them as a finishing hop in most of their beers.

Magnum Hops

Hop Variety

Magnum, Hallertauer

Origin

Germany

Alpha Acid %

11 – 16%

Beta Acid %

5 – 7%

Background

Hallertauer Magnum or Magnum as it’s most commonly referred to as is a hop released in 1993 by the Hop Research Institute in the Hallertauer region. It’s parentage contains hops such as Galena from the US and a German male variety. Magnum is grown at number of locations such as the Hallertauer region of Germany, France, Poland and in the US.

It is the main high alpha variety of hop grown in Germany and is well renowned throughout the world for is clean bittering qualities as well as storing well after harvesting.

Brewing Attributes

Magnum is one of the finest bittering hops available to today’s brewer. Being of a reasonably high alpha acid content it’s economical but more than that the bittering quality is very clean, pleasant and works well in conjunction with other hops.

Magnum is primarily a bittering hop and therefore not much is said about the aroma. If it is used later in the boil is contributes a delicate floral note to the beer. That said other varieties of hop from the region like saaz or hallertauer mittelfrueh are so good for aroma additions Magnum is best left to early kettle additions and bittering duties.

Possible Substitutions

A lot of sources state Northern Brewer and Warrior as a substitute for Magnum primarily for their clean bittering qualities. Galena one of the parent hops of Magnum might also be worth considering.

Commercial Examples

Sierra Nevada reportedly use Magnum hops as the sole bittering hop and also as the aroma hops in their Torpedo Extra IPA along with Citra and Crystal as the other two aroma hops.

Mikkeller also brew a single hop IPA that uses solely Magnum hops, although difficult to obtain it is well worth looking for this hop bomb.

Perle

Hop Variety

Perle

Origin

Germany

Alpha Acid %

6 – 9%

Beta Acid %

4.75%

Background

Perle is a German hop released from Huell in the Hallertauer region in 1978. Its parent hops include Norther Brewer and is a good dual purpose variety to brew with. Perle are widely used in light and medium coloured ales and Pilsners primarily for their mild yet fresh bittering and aroma qualities.

Perle is the most planted aroma variety of hop grown in Germany at present and the exact same variety of Perle is also grown in the United States but the alpha acid content is higher. It is also grown in Belgium.

Brewing Attributes

The fine attributes of Perle make it a good all round use hop or multi purpose hop. The aroma is a kind of slightly minty, green or earthy quality. It would be best described as moderate, nothing too in your face. As mentioned before it’s a general purpose hop and the bittering quality is clean and balanced.

It’s well suited to lagers and lighter beers where balance and subtlety is required and is particularly good as a bittering hop in wheat beers.

Possible Substitutions

I have seen a few substitutes suggested one of them being Tettnang, which is a hop grown in the same region but has a slightly lower alpha acid percentage. It is often used in beer styles that Perle works well in. Northern Brewer is another hop often suggested as a substitute, again it;s grown in Hallertau and the acid percentages are fairly close.

Commercial Examples

Sierra Nevada use Perle in a number of their beers, in particular their Summerfest and their Wheat are said to use them as a bittering hop.

In the UK, Scotlands Cairngorm Brewery use Perle in their beer Trade Winds and Westerham Brewery make a seasonal beer called Summer Perle http://www.westerhambrewery.co.uk/RegularBeers.htm which is dry hopped with Perle and really demonstrates the refreshing quality of the hop.

Tettnang

Hop Variety

Tettnang

Origin

Germany

Alpha Acid %

4 – 5%

Beta Acid %

3.5 – 4.5%

Background

The hop we are looking at here are the German variety, there is also an American Tettnang hop that isn’t the same. Tettnang Hops are a variety of hop grown in the Tettnanger region of Germany.

Tettnang is one of four varieties that are commonly known as noble hops, although the term noble in the case of hops is hard to define. In Germany it is widely considered to be one of their finest aroma hops used in Pilsners and Lagers.

 

Brewing Attributes

Tettnang is used primarily as an aroma hop and the aroma/flavour qualities are particularly good especially in Lagers and Wheat beers. It is grown in the US although the flavour is coarser or less refined, being more like a fuggle variety, showing how the “terroir” of the growing conditions can and do affect the crop.

Tettnang is used as a bittering hop although it has a fairly low alpha acid % and is particularly suited to single hop beers because of it’s fine aroma.

Beer Styles

Pilsners, Lagers and Wheat beers especially but it’s also used in a wide variety of other beers like Belgian ales and ESB’s.

Possible Substitutions

Saaz are a good substitute and are also one of the other noble hops. Another variety is Spalt both of which are German hop varieties.

Commercial Examples

After a bit of searching I found a single hop beer brewed by Mikkeller, a Tettnanger Single Hop IPA at 6.8% ABV. Whether it has the subtleties of cold refreshing Pilsner is another thing. Sam Adams Oktoberfest is another beer that makes use of Tettnang.